Coincidiendo con las declaraciones de Sendín, salen a la luz más evidencias incómodas: Las relativas a la Biología. Evidencias incómodas, parte IV: Desmontando a Darwin para siempre.


Coincidiendo con la Entrevista de Máximo Sandín , que pueden ver en VIMEO,

Y con la Conferencia que dará mañana viernes 26 en Barcelona, en el  Hotel Petit Palace, calle Roger de Lliria  a las 21. 19 horas, queremos apoyarle desde el StarViewerTeam con el directorio definitivo de anomalías y evidencias incómodas.

Y razón no le falta a Máximo Sandín.  De hecho, hemos querido esperar a su conferencia, para que todos vayamos a ella debidamente documentados con el último de los IV ficheros de evidencias incómodas.

Con este fichero, ya se desmontan definitivamente todas las mentiras de la ciencia.

Lo que van a leer es la prueba de todas las anomalías biologicas que las resvistas científicas han ocultado y censurado, y prueba su conocimiento, y destapa las evidencias que al estar tipificadas, han sido conocidas durante más de 50 años por la ciencia.

  BB   BIRDS

BBA EXTERNAL APPEARANCE AND MORPHOLOGY

  • BBA1   Avian Asymmetries
  • BBA2   Female Hawks Larger Than Males
  • BBA3   Skewed Sex Ratios of Offspring
  • BBA4   Vividly Colored and Highly Patterned Avian Plumages and Ornaments
  • BBA5   Plumage Polymorphism
  • BBA6   Females with Male Plumage
  • BBA7   Molting before Hatching
  • BBA8   Unusual Diversification and Conservation in Plumage
  • BBA9   Complexity and Sophistication of Feathers
  • BBA10 Complexity and Sophistication of Feather Color-and-Pattern-Generation Mechanisms
  • BBA11 Unusual Plumage-Color Changes
  • BBA12 Feather Curiosities
  • BBA13 Neoteny in Feathers
  • BBA14 Tooth Substitutes in Modern Birds
  • BBA15 Birds Lacking Egg Teeth
  • BBA16 Extreme Sexual Dimorphism in Bills
  • BBA17 Bill Polymorphisms
  • BBA18 Avian Bills: Unusual Adaptations
  • BBA19 Wing Claws
  • BBA20 Wing Spurs
  • BBA21 The Alula or Bastard Wing
  • BBA22 Some Curiosities of Avian Feet
  • BBA23 Inherited Callosities
  • BBA24 Unusual Pouches on Birds
  • BBA25 Luminous Birds
  • BBA26 Odoriferous Birds
  • BBA27 Egg Complexity and Sophistication
  • BBA28 Bird Eggs: Color, Pattern and Size Curiosities
  • BBA29 Egg Mimicry
  • BBA30 Mimicry of Other Species and the Environment
  • BBA31 Remarkable Convergences of Appearance and Habits
  • BBA32 Frightmolt
  • BBA33 The Hollow in the Back of the Young Common Cuckoo

BBB AVIAN BEHAVIOR

  • BBB1   Avian Intelligence
  • BBB2   Complexity and Sophistication of Avian Mental Processes
  • BBB3   Enigmas of Instinct
  • BBB4   Anomalous Altruism: Hard to Find
  • BBB5   The Aesthetic Sense in Birds
  • BBB6   Calculated Deception: Birds That Cry “Wolf”
  • BBB7   Avian Play
  • BBB8   Anomalous Aerial Tumbling and Erratic Flight
  • BBB9   Leks: Why Did They Evolve?
  • BBB10 Cooperative Displays on Leks
  • BBB11 Enigmatic Dancing, Flying, Singing
  • BBB12 Anting
  • BBB13 “Hangers”; Upside-Down Birds
  • BBB14 Curious Automatisms
  • BBB15 Handedness (“Footedness”) in Birds
  • BBB16 Unusual Aerial Transportation Techniques
  • BBB17 Unusual Forms of Terrestrial Locomotion
  • BBB18 Unusual Hunting Strategies
  • BBB19 Cooperative Hunting
  • BBB20 Prey-Handling Puzzles
  • BBB21 Avian Prey and Food: Some Misconceptions
  • BBB22 Unusual Sexual Behavior
  • BBB23 Avian “Sperm Wars’: Cloaca Pecking
  • BBB24 Unusual Mating Systems
  • BBB25 Two Species with a Common Nest
  • BBB26 Determination of Clutch Size
  • BBB27 Exotic Objects and Eggs in Nests
  • BBB28 Unusual Methods of Heating and Cooling Eggs
  • BBB29 Brood Parasitism: How Did It Begin
  • BBB30 Disparities between Parasite Host Adaptations
  • BBB31 Tolerance of Parasite Chicks
  • BBB32 Tolerance of Parasite Eggs Even When They Are Recognized as a Threat
  • BBB33 Murder for Purposes Other Than Food and Brood Reduction
  • BBB34 Infanticide
  • BBB35 Siblicide
  • BBB36 Information Processing in Migratory Behavior
  • BBB37 Uncommon Groupings of Birds
  • BBB38 Flock Synchrony
  • BBB39 Flight Formations
  • BBB40 Avian “Courts” and “Funerals”
  • BBB41 Avian Graveyards
  • BBB42 Huddling and Stacking
  • BBB43 Bird Battles
  • BBB44 Miscellaneous Curiosities of Avian Behavior

BBC CHEMICAL PHENOMENA

  • BBC1   Palatable Eggs More Vulnerable to Predation
  • BBC2   Conspicuous Plumage Advertises Unpalatability
  • BBC3   Why Did Stinking Birds Evolve?
  • BBC4   Poisonous Birds and Poison Dart Frogs: Convergent Evolution?
  • BBC5   Are Ratites More Primitive Than Flying Birds?
  • BBC6   Did Australian Songbirds Evolve Earlier than European Songbirds?
  • BBC7   Are Birds More Closely Related to Mammals Than to Reptiles?
  • BBC8   The Inability of Some Birds to Synthesize Ascorbic Acid

BBD DISTRIBUTION OF BIRDS IN SPACE AND TIME

  • BBD1   Discontinuous Populations of Birds
  • BBD2   Uncolonized Areas: Unfilled Niches
  • BBD3   Land Birds Observed Far at Sea
  • BBD4   Late Survival of Moas and Passenger Pigeons
  • BBD5   Distribution Curiosities

BBE THE FOSSIL RECORD OF BIRDS

  • BBE1   The Fossil Record of Birds and Associated Paradigms
  • BBE2   Evidence against the Dinosaur Origin of Birds
  • BBE3   Protoavis: A Pre-Archaeopteryx Bird?
  • BBE4   Unresolved Nature of Archaeopteryx
  • BBE5   The Apparent Absence of Transitional Forms of Feathers
  • BBE6   Fossils of Ostrich Ancestors in the Northern Hemisphere
  • BBE7   Controversial Feathers of the London Archaeopteryx Fossil
  • BBE8   Giant Fossil Eggs

BBF BODILY FUNCTIONS

  • BBF1   The Avian Respiratory System: Unique, Complex, Sophisticated
  • BBF2   Avian Bodily Functions: Some Oddities

BBG GENETICS

  • BBG1   Species mtDNA More Diverse Than Morphology
  • BBG2   Discordance in the Date of Divergence of Modern Birds
  • BBG3   Discordances between Phylogenies Established from Morphology and DNA Analysis
  • BBG4   Dearth of Introns in Birds

BBI INTERNAL STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS

  • BBI1   Avian Magnetoreceptors: Hard to Find
  • BBI2   Curious Internal Structures

BBO ORGANS

  • BBO1   Complexity and Sophistication of Some Owl Ear-Brain, Sound-Localization Systems
  • BBO2   Regeneration of Brain Neurons
  • BBO3   Curiosities of Avian Brains
  • BBO4   The Pecten: A Unique Structure in the Avian Eye
  • BBO5   Curiosities of Avian Eyes
  • BBO6   High Complexity and Sophistication of the Avian Eye
  • BBO7   Remarkable Tongue Adaptations
  • BBO8   The Loss and Reduction of Reproductive Organs

BBT UNUSUAL TALENTS AND FACULTIES

  • BBT1   Infrasound and Atmospheric Pressure-Change Detection
  • BBT2   Utility of Ultraviolet Vision in Birds
  • BBT3   Echolocation: Parallel Evolution in Birds
  • BBT4   Navigational Feats during Migration
  • BBT5   Homing: Release Experiments
  • BBT6   Curious Migration Phenomena: Navigation Errors?
  • BBT7   Complexity and Sophistication of Avian Navigation
  • BBT8   Inheritance of Migration Data
  • BBT9   The Existence of Avian Migration
  • BBT10 Sensitivity to Impending Weather and Earthquakes
  • BBT11 Possible Unrecognized Senses
  • BBT12 Remarkable Feats of Flight
  • BBT13 The Origin of Avian Flight
  • BBT14 Unanswered Questions Concerning Flightlessness
  • BBT15 Some Curiosities of Avian Flight
  • BBT16 Deep-Diving Capabilities
  • BBT17 Vocal Mimicry in Birds
  • BBT18 Birds That Vocally Mimic Only in Captivity
  • BBT19 Vocal Mimicry of Hosts by Parasitic Species
  • BBT20 Duetting
  • BBT21 Chorusing
  • BBT22 Large Vocal-Repertoire Sizes and High Speeds of Delivery
  • BBT23 Female Singers
  • BBT24 Whisper Songs and Subsongs
  • BBT25 The Two-Voice Phenomenon
  • BBT26 Some Curiosities of Avian Vocalizations
  • BBT27 Incubator Nests
  • BBT28 Woven and Sewn Nests
  • BBT29 Nests Containing Protective Materials
  • BBT30 Bowers
  • BBT31 Nest Curiosities
  • BBT32 Tool Use
  • BBT33 Communication between Chick Embryos

BBX AVIAN INTERFACE PHENOMENA

  • BBX1   Unusual Attacks on Humans
  • BBX2   Unusual Predators of Birds
  • BBX3   Unusual Bird-Animal Psychological Interfaces
  • BBX4   Curious Associations of Birds with Other Animals and Plants
  BH   HUMANS

BHA EXTERNAL APPEARANCE AND MORPHOLOGY

  • BHA1   Human Asymmetry
  • BHA2   The Appearance of Beauty in the Human Lineage
  • BHA3   General Physique Correlated with the Month of Birth
  • BHA4   Human Body Badly Designed for Swimming
  • BHA5   The Apparent Physical Degeneration of Humans
  • BHA6   Human Physical Degeneration and Genius
  • BHA7   Variability of External Appearance
  • BHA8   Discordances in the Appearances of Identical Twins
  • BHA9   Mirror-Image Twins
  • BHA10 The Apparent Primitive Character of Some Features of the Human Body
  • BHA11 Human and Orang-Utan Physiological Similarities
  • BHA12 Significant Morphological Differences between Humans and the Great Apes
  • BHA13 Sports, Monsters, Terata
  • BHA14 Two Separate Populations of Pygmies
  • BHA15 Birth Weight Varies with Month of Birth
  • BHA16 Human Sexual Dimorphism
  • BHA17 Sex-Ratio Variations
  • BHA18 Gradations between Male and Female
  • BHA19 The Sacral Spot
  • BHA20 Pigmentation Peculiarity on Upper Arms
  • BHA21 Spotted or Piebald People
  • BHA22 Visible Radiation Emitted by the Human Body
  • BHA23 Unidentified, Problematical Radiation Emitted by the Human Body
  • BHA24 The Supposed Human Aura
  • BHA25 Kirlian Photography of the Postulated Human Aura
  • BHA26 Excessively Hairy Humans
  • BHA27 Sudden Loss of Hair and (Sometimes) Regrowth
  • BHA28 Baldness among Musicians
  • BHA29 Human Hairlessness
  • BHA30 Curious Human Hair Patterns
  • BHA31 Sudden Blanching of the Hair
  • BHA32 Sudden Color Changes in Human Hair
  • BHA33 Hair Color Correlated with Eminence
  • BHA34 Hair Color Correlated with Strength and Vitality
  • BHA35 Remarkable Persistence of Hair Growth after Death
  • BHA36 Voluntary Erection of Body Hair
  • BHA37 Night-Shining in Human Eyes
  • BHA38 Eye Color Correlated with Athletic Capability
  • BHA39 Inherited Ear Pits
  • BHA40 Supernumerary Ears and So-Called Gill-Slits
  • BHA41 Nostril Orientation and Musculature
  • BHA42 Differences and Similarities between Human and Primate Teeth
  • BHA43 Racial Dental Differences
  • BHA44 Historical Shrinkage of Human Teeth
  • BHA45 Extra Dentitions
  • BHA46 Human Horns
  • BHA47 Unusual, Inherited Characteristics of Feet
  • BHA48 Progressive Loss of the Little Toe
  • BHA49 Webbed Hands and Feet
  • BHA50 Alleged Primitive Character of Human Hands and Feet
  • BHA51 Large Female Breasts and Buttocks
  • BHA52 The Unusual Location of Human Breasts
  • BHA53 Human Tails
  • BHA54 Concordance of Human Embyro Growth and Evolutionary Developments
  • BHA55 Anomalous Human Odors
  • Babies Born with Full Sets of Teeth
  • Presidential Stature Correlated with Competence
  • Brown Line (Linea Nigra) on Stomachs of Pregnant Women
  • Humans As Robots
  • Height Correlated with Month of Birth
  • Human Proportions and the Golden Ratio
  • Humans Nuturing Foetuses of Their Twins
  • Human Pheromones Correlated with Beauty
  • Pixies and the Williams Syndrome
  • Change of Eye Color with Age
  • Skin Color Correlated with Weather
  • Male Fertility Correlated with Finger Length
  • Anomalous Sound Production
  • The Devil’s Spot and Witch Pricking

BHB ANOMALOUS HUMAN BEHAVIOR

  • BHB1   Apparently Irrational Human Behavior
  • BHB2   Similarities in the Behaviors of Identical Twins Reared Apart
  • BHB3   Correlation of Disturbed Human Behavior and Solar Activity
  • BHB4   Correlation of Disturbed Human Behavior and Lunar Phase
  • BHB5   Correlations of Disturbed Human Behavior, Stormy Weather, and Infrasound
  • BHB6   Correlation of Human Behavior and Climate and/or Season of the Year
  • BHB7   Unusual Behavior Induced by Rhythmic Stimuli [BHH8, PBH]
  • BHB8   Cyclicity of Violent Collective Behavior
  • BHB9   A Relationship between Number of Wars and Number Killed
  • BHB10 Correlation of Economic Activity with Solar Activity
  • BHB11 Correlation of Economic Activity with the Lunar Tidal Forces
  • BHB12 Correlation of Economic Activity with Solar-System Configurations
  • BHB13 Periodicities in Various Economic Parameters
  • BHB14 Human Culture: An Enigma of Evolution
  • BHB15 Cycles of Religiousness
  • BHB16 “Flock Behavior” in Human Groups
  • BHB17 The Evolution and Persistence of Altruism
  • BHB18 The Evolution and Persistence of Homosexuality
  • BHB19 Unusual Human Sexual Activity
  • BHB20 The Puzzle of Human Handedness
  • BHB21 Handedness and Longevity
  • BHB22 Handedness and Health
  • BHB23 Handedness and Mathematical and Verbal Abilities
  • BHB24 The Uniqueness of Bipedalism
  • BHB25 Human Asymmetry in Locomotion
  • BHB26 Wolf-Children
  • BHB27 Eminence Correlated with Time of Birth
  • BHB28 General Eminence Correlated with Planetary Position
  • BHB29 Eminence in Sports Champions Correlated with the Position of Mars; the “Mars Effect”
  • BHB30 Cultural Creativity Correlated with Solar Activity
  • BHB31 Cultural Flowering Correlated with Climate
  • BHB32 Eminence and Order of Birth
  • BHB33 Periodicity in the Population of Living Eminent People
  • BHB34 Eminence Correlated with Longevity
  • BHB35 Intelligence Correlated with Season of Birth
  • BHB36 Intelligence Correlated with Birth Order
  • BHB37 Intelligence Correlated with Myopia
  • BHB38 A Relationship between Intelligence and Flicker-Frequency Response
  • BHB39 Increasing Intelligence with Vitamin Intake
  • BHB40 The Intelligences of Identical Twins Reared Apart
  • BHB41 Likelihood of College Matriculation and Season of Birth
  • BHB42 Mathematical Ability: Sex Differences
  • BHB43 Intelligence Correlated with Stature
  • Personality Correlated with Astronomy
  • Inheritability of Intelligence
  • Intelligence and Gender
  • Human Intelligence Affected by Past Natural Cataclysms
  • Economic Activity Correlated with Geomagnetic Field
  • Schizophrenia Correlated with Season of Birth
  • Disturbed Human Activity Correlated with Geomagnetic Field
  • Tickling Phenomena
  • Face Preference Correlated with Menstrual Cycle
  • Curious Crowd Behavior (at Train Platforms)
  • Why Do People Stick Out Their Tongues When Concentrating?
  • Intelligence as a Pathogen
  • Behaviorisms Transmitted by Organ Transplants
  • Meme Phenomena
  • Effect of Music (Mozart’s) on Mental Performance
  • Motherhood Improves Learning and Memory

BHC CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL ANOMALIES

  • BHC1   Electric People
  • BHC2   Magnetic People
  • BHC3   Body Potentials Correlated with Lunar Phase
  • BHC4   Brain Electricity (EEGs)
  • BHC5   Very High Body Temperatures
  • BHC6   Unusual Body-Temperature Cycles
  • BHC7   Anomalous Human Combustion
  • BHC8   Retarded Decay of the Human Body
  • BHC9   Imbalances in Element Ingestion and Excretion
  • BHC10 The Human Inability to Synthesize Ascorbic Acid
  • BHC11 Blood-Chemistry Variations
  • BHC12 The Existence of Blood Polymorphisms
  • BHC13 The Complexity, Variability, and Ubiquity of Hemoglobin
  • BHC14 Geographical Anomalies in the Distribution of Blood Groups
  • BHC15 Blood Chimeras
  • ·  Biorhythms

BHE THE HUMAN FOSSIL RECORD

  • BHE1   Absence of Transitional Fossils
  • BHE2   Abrupt Changes in Hominid Morphology
  • BHE3   Hominid Evolutionary Stasis
  • BHE4   Hominid Devolution
  • BHE5   The Sudden Demise of the Neanderthals
  • BHE6   Taxon Variability or “Fuzz”
  • BHE7   Hominid Gracilization
  • BHE8   Giant Hominid Skeletons
  • BHE9   Very Small Hominid Skeletons
  • BHE10 Some Hominid Skeletal Curiosities
  • BHE11 Hominid Fossil Sequence Anomalies
  • BHE12 Anomalous Distribution of Hominid Skeletal Material
  • BHE13 Hominid Skeletal Material in Ancient Geological Formations
  • Human-Neanderthal Hybrids
  • Simultaneous Existence of Multiple Human Species in Past
  • Great Differences in Human and Neanderthal Fossils

BHF BODILY FUNCTIONS

  • BHF1   Unusual Architecture of the Human Breathing Apparatus
  • BHF2   Anomalously Slow Breathing
  • BHF3   Nostril Cycling [BHO]
  • BHF4   Anomalous Number of Breaths per Lifetime
  • BHF5   Fiery Breaths
  • BHF6   Human Rumination
  • BHF7   Nondigestion of the Stomach Lining
  • BHF8   Anomalous Objects in the Stomach
  • BHF9   Bleeding Correlated with Lunar Phase
  • BHF10 Spontaneous Hemorrhages Correlated with Astrological Factors
  • BHF11 The Unusual Nature of Skin Wound Healing in Humans
  • BHF12 The Efficacy of Electricity in Healing
  • BHF13 Limb Regeneration in Humans
  • BHF14 The Relationship between Menstrual and Lunar Cycles
  • BHF15 Synchronization and Control of Menstrual Cycles
  • BHF16 Menstruation from Unlikely Spots
  • BHF17 Body Potential-Difference Spike during Menstruation
  • BHF18 Remarkable Aspects of the Female Sexual Cycle
  • BHF19 Male Menstruation
  • BHF20 Tolerance of the Placenta
  • BHF21 Maternal Impressions
  • BHF22 Telegony
  • BHF23 Birth-Frequency Correlated with Day-of-the-Week
  • BHF24 Birth-Frequency Correlated with Month-of-the-Year
  • BHF25 Births Correlated with Lunar Phase
  • BHF26 Anomalous Variations in Twin and Multiple Births
  • BHF27 Extremely Rapid Growth in Children
  • BHF28 Human Thermal Control: A Uniquely Bad Design
  • BHF29 Colored Perspiration
  • BHF30 Emotion-Stimulated Tears
  • BHF31 The Lack of Any Measurable Biochemical Value of Sleep
  • BHF32 Lunar Control of the Sleep Cycle
  • BHF33 Voluntary Suspended Animation
  • BHF34 Human Mortality Correlated with Geomagnetic Activity
  • BHF35 Nearly-Simultaneous Deaths of Twins
  • BHF36 Curious Attitudes after Death
  • Geophagy in Pregnancy and Health
  • Evolution of Menopause
  • Uncertain Purpose of REM Sleep
  • Curious Nature of Anesthesia
  • Evolution of Menstruation
  • Fetal Growth Correlated with Solar Activity
  • Evolution of Sex
  • Purpose of Life after Menopause
  • Decline in Sperm Counts
  • Fetus Signals Timing of Birth
  • How Embryo Development Is Controlled and Effected
  • Cycles in Autistic Births
  • Rhythms in Growth
  • Evolution of Lactose Tolerance
  • Twins and Occurrence of Nightmares
  • Timing of the End of Sleep

BHG HUMAN GENETICS

  • BHG1   Human Chromosomes Less Evolved Than Ape Chromosomes
  • BHG2   The Presence of Introns in Human Chromosomes
  • BHG3   Human Chromosomes Lack the “Baboon Marker”
  • BHG4   Y-Chromosome Analysis Suggests First Humans Were Pygmies
  • BHG5   Human and Ape Chromosome Numbers Differ
  • BHG6   Identical Twins May Have Different Genomes
  • BHG7   Gene Imprinting: Parental Influence on Genes
  • BHG8   The Accentuation of Inherited Traits in Succeeding Generations
  • BHG9   Higher Variability of Mitochondrial DNA in Subsaharan Africans
  • BHG10 Mitochondrial DNA Evolves Much Faster Than Nuclear DNA
  • BHG11 Disparity between Human and Ape Phenotypes and Genotypes
  • BHG12 Chimpanzee Mitochondrial DNA More Diverse Than That of Humans
  • BHG13 Human Mitochondria Radically Different from Those of Other Organisms
  • BHG14 Paternal Mitochondrial DNA can Be Inherited
  • BHG15 African Nuclear DNA Is Distinct from That of Other Populations
  • BHG16 Chromosome Banding Analysis Incompatible with DNA Analysis
  • BHG17 Involucrin Analysis Conflicts with Mitochondrial DNA Analysis
  • BHG18 Human Molecular Clocks Run More Slowly Than Those of Apes
  • BHG19 Absence of Transitional Forms of Cytochrome C
  • DNA Analysis and the Origin of Modern Populations
  • High Deleterious Mutation Rates in Hominids
  • Fetal DNA in Mother’s Blood
  • Epigenetic Inheritance
  • Unique Human Lack of Retroviruses
  • Neanderthal mtDNA Different
  • Persistence of Cystic Fibrosis Gene
  • Humanity’s “Missing” Mutations
  • Persistence of ITD Gene
  • Overall Human Mutation Rates Very Low
  • “Junk” Genes and Human Evolution
  • Curious Genetic Homologies
  • HIV-Like Gene in Human DNA

BHH HEALTH

  • BHH1   Health and Environmental Electricity
  • BHH2   Health and Weather
  • BHH3   Disease Epidemics Correlated with Solar Activity
  • BHH4   Epileptic Seizures Correlated with the Moon
  • BHH5   Disease Epidemics Correlated with Volcanic Eruptions
  • BHH6   Anomalous Periodicities in Disease Epidemics
  • BHH7   Anomalous Appearance and Propagation of Disease
  • BHH8   Epilepsy and Rhythmic Phenomena [BHB7, PBH]
  • BHH9   Health-Problem Synchronicities in Identical Twins
  • BHH10 Extreme Longevity
  • BHH11 Historical Changes in Average Longevity
  • BHH12 Longevity Correlated with Brain Size in Hominid Evolution
  • BHH13 Longevity Correlated with Lifeline Length
  • BHH14 AIDS without Measurable HIV Antibodies
  • BHH15 HIV-Infected Persons Who Do Not Develop AIDS
  • BHH16 Anomalously Small Fractions of HIV-Infected T-Cells in AIDS
  • BHH17 Anomalous Levels of HIV Antibodies in AIDS
  • BHH18 Deliberately HIV-Infected Simians and Accidentally HIV-Infected Humans Who Do Not Develop AIDS
  • BHH19 HIV-1 and HIV-2 Are Far Separated Genetically
  • BHH20 Anomalous Demographics of AIDS
  • BHH21 Possible Cofactors in AIDS
  • BHH22 HIV, AIDS, and Gaia
  • BHH23 Apparent Immortality of Cancer Cell
  • BHH24 Subversive and Suicidal Properties of Cancer Cells
  • BHH25 ‘Insidious” Properties of Cancer Metastases
  • BHH26 Spontaneous Cancer Regressions
  • BHH27 Bodily Potential Differences Correlated with Cancerous or Precancerous Conditions
  • BHH28 Cancer Correlated with Date of Birth
  • BHH29 Cancer Incidence Correlated with Appendix Removal
  • BHH30 Cancer Remissions and Cures Correlated with Severe Infections
  • BHH31 Anomalous Effect of Radon Exposure on Lung-Cancer Incidence
  • BHH32 Father’s Radiation Exposure Increases Cancer Incidence in His Children
  • BHH33 Atavistic Nature of Cancer
  • BHH34 The Ubiquity of Proto-Oncogenes
  • BHH35 Cancer Incidence Correlated with Organism Complexity
  • BHH36 Survival of Human Genetic Diseases Despite Natural Selection
  • BHH37 Survival of Human Viral and Bacterial Diseases
  • Puzzle of Human Motion Sickness
  • Origin and Increase of Asthma
  • Efficiacy of Homeopathy
  • Pregnancy Increases Susceptibility to Malaria
  • Cancer and the Extracellular Matrix
  • Autism Correlated with Season of Birth
  • Electrical Shocks Cure Snake Bites
  • Organ Transplants Transfer Allergies
  • SID Correlated with Geomagnetic Activity
  • Advantages of Blood-Letting
  • Efficacy of Acupuncture
  • Heath Correlated with Psychological Disturbances
  • AIDS Associated with Black Plague Survival
  • Geography of Stroke Incidence
  • Longevity Anticorrelated with Reproductive Success
  • AIDS May be Man-Made

BHI INTERNAL SYSTEMS AND STRUCTURES

  • BHI1   High Complexity and Sophistication of the Immune System
  • BHI2   The Origin of Antibody Diversity
  • BHI3   Immune-System Deficiencies
  • BHI4   The Enigma of the Fetal Graft
  • BHI5   The Relationship between the Immune System and the Brain
  • BHI6   Phantom Limbs
  • BHI7   The Puzzles of Pain
  • BHI8   Differences between the Aorta Arch in Humans and Other Animals
  • BHI9   The Varying Origin of Embryonic Arms
  • BHI10 Humans and Embryonic and Juvenile Apes: Skeletal Similarities
  • BHI11 The Inheritance of Acquired Skeletal Characters
  • BHI12 Bone-Shedders
  • BHI13 High Incidence of Extra Vertebrae among Eskimos
  • BHI14 Subcutaneous Fat
  • BHI15 Magnetite
  • Operation of Internal Clocks
  • Curiosities of Circulatory System Design
  • Speech Associated with Canals in Skull
  • Nervous-System Development

BHO ORGANS

  • BHO1   High Complexity and Sophistication of the Human Eye
  • BHO2   Dearth of “Fit” Intermediate Stages in the Evolution of the Eye
  • BHO3   Imperfections of the Human Eye
  • BHO4   Vision-Chemistry Homologies BHO5 The Anomalous History of Human Color Vision
  • BHO6   Utility of the Semi-Lunar Membrane of the Human Eye
  • BHO7   Similarity of Human and Cephalopod Eyes
  • BHO8   Similarity of Human and Bee Eyes
  • BHO9   The Purposeful Emission of Sound by the Human Ear
  • BHO10 Human Lobulated Kidneys and Indented Spleens
  • BHO11 Correlation of Pineal Gland Activity with Magnetic Fields
  • BHO12 Heart Rate Correlated with Birth Order
  • BHO13 Periodicity in Deaths Due to Heart Disease
  • BHO14 Lifetime Total of Human Heart beats Greatly Exceeds Those of Other Mammals
  • BHO15 Skin Shedding
  • BHO16 Thick Soles on the Feet of Infants
  • BHO17 Brain Size Correlated with Intelligence
  • BHO18 The Sudden Large Increase in the Size of the Human Brain
  • BHO19 Morphological Differences between Normal Human Brains
  • BHO20 Remarkable Capabilities of Badly Damaged Human Brains
  • BHO21 The Existence of Electrical Brain Waves
  • BHO22 Capabilities of the Human Brain Greatly Exceed Requirements for Survival
  • BHO23 The Experimental Lack of Memory Traces
  • BHO24 High Complexity and Sophistication of the Human Brain
  • Brain Asymmetry in Musicians
  • Detection of Rapid Motion by Blind People
  • Heart “Music”
  • Wide Sclera in Human Eyes Unique among Animals
  • Curious Effects of Severing the Corpus Callosum
  • Information-Transfer Mechanism in the Eye-Brain System
  • “Miraculous” Recovery of Sight
  • People with Two Working Hearts
  • Formation of New Brain Neurons
  • Cause of the “Moon Illusion”
  • “Simultanagnosia”: The Inability to Deal with Two Objects Simultaneously
  • Handedness and the Size of the Corpus Callosum
  • Gender Differences in Brain Information Processing
  • Mirror-Image Organs
  • Cooked Tubers and Brain Evolution!
  • Multiplication and Physical Motion of Dendrites in Brain
  • Information Processing in the Eye Itself
  • Sign Language Is Processed in the Auditory Cortex
  • Motion Processed by Special Brain Cells
  • The “Seeing” Ear
  • Role of Olfactory Receptors in Physical Development
  • Information Transfer in the Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • Utility of the Appendix
  • Nostril Cycling [BHF3]

BHT UNUSUAL SENSES AND FACULTIES

  • BHT1   Telescopic Vision
  • BHT2   Moonblindness
  • BHT3   Blindsight
  • BHT4   A TV-Snow Visual Phenomenon
  • BHT5   Color-Vision Deficiency of Ancient Peoples
  • BHT6   Color Sensitivity Correlated with Lunar Phase
  • BHT7   Anomalies in the Evolution of Color Vision
  • BHT8   Dermo-Optical Perception [PHD]
  • BHT9   Visual Phenomena from the Passage of High-Energy Particles through the Eyes
  • BHT10 Facial Vision or Human Echo Ranging
  • BHT11 Our Sound-Suppression Faculty
  • BHT12 Electromagnetic Radiation Perceived as Sound
  • BHT13 Hearing under Anesthesia
  • BHT14 Variability and Sophistication of Human Tone Perception
  • BHT15 Anomalous Communication in Children
  • BHT16 Discontinuity in the Evolution of Communication
  • BHT17 The Ability to Sense and/or Detect Magnetic Fields
  • BHT18 Human-Navigation Senses
  • BHT19 Exposure to Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Field Lengthens Reaction Time
  • BHT20 Human Drowning Proneness
  • BHT21 Human Diving Reflex Unique among Primates
  • BHT22 The Paradoxes of Consciousness [PIK]
  • BHT23 Anomalous Skin Adhesive Power
  • BHT24 Chicken-Sexing Faculty
  • BHT25 The Ability to Perceive Established Information
  • Perception of Human Auras!
  • Human Detection of Earthquake Precursors
  • Communication via Body Odor (Pheromones) [BHA]
  • Remarkable Adaptations to High ALtitudes
  • Neanderthal Music

BHU UNRECOGNIZED HOMINIDS

  • BHU1   North American Hominids (Bigfoot/Sasquatch)
  • BHU2   Giant Arctic Hominids
  • BHU3   Recent Survival of American Pygmies
  • BHU4   Hairy “Submen” in South America
  • BHU5   The Almasti: Asian Subhumans?
  • BHU6   The Chuchunaa of Siberia
  • BHU7   The Yeti or “Abominable Snowman”
  • BHU8   The Yeren or Chinese Wildmen
  • BHU9   The Nittaewo: Sri Lanka Dwarf Hominids?
  • BHU10 The Orang Pendek or Sedapa of Sumatra
  • BHU11 Australia’s Yowie or Yahoo
  • BHU12 The Agogwe: Africa’s Little Furry Men
  • BHU13 Hominid Corpses of Unknown Provenance

BHX HUMAN INTERFACE PHENOEMENA

  • BHX1   Anomalous Communications Interfaces
  • BHX2   Unusual Human-Animal Psychological Interfaces
  • BHX3   Unusual Animal Succoring of Humans
  • BHX4   Human Psychic Healing of Other Animals
  • BHX5   Human-Animal Cooperation and Symbiosis
  • BHX6   The Human-Endosymbiont Interface Humans
  • BHX8   Other Unusual Animal Attacks on Humans
  • BHX9   The Human-Wasp Interface
  • BHX10 Yellow-Fever Mosquitoes Favor Humans with Blood Type O
  • BHX11 The Anomalous Distribution of Human Lice
  • BHX12 A Bizarre Human-Fish Phenomenon
  • BHX13 The Inverse Relationship between Human Parasites and Allergies
  • BHX14 Manipulation of Human Behavior by Viruses
  • BHX15 “Ultimate” Parasites of Humans
  • BHX16 The Human-Gaia Interface
  • BHX17 Human Degeneracy and the Man-Machine Interface
  • Dolphin Dangers
  • Plants That Induce Sleep
  • The Ubiquitous Human-Bacterium Interface
  • Ancient Viral Invaders
  BI   INVERTEBRATES

Titles not yet posted

  BM   MAMMALS

BMA EXTERNAL APPEARANCE AND MORPHOLOGY

  • BMA1   Mammalian Morphological Parallelisms: Convergence and Mimicry
  • BMA2   Limits on the Variability of Domestic Animals
  • BMA3   Unusually Divergent Mammal Populations
  • BMA4   Hybrids and Mosaics
  • BMA5   Mirror-Image Twins in Mammals
  • BMA6   Atavism and Reversion in Mammals
  • BMA7   Neoteny in Mammals
  • BMA8   Albino Populations of Mammals
  • BMA9   Unusual Mammalian Sex Ratios
  • BMA10 Wolves Defy Bergmann’s Law
  • BMA11 Unusual Sexual Dimorphism in Mammals
  • BMA12 Zebra Stripe Reversal
  • BMA13 The Existence of Zebras with Vivid Stripes
  • BMA14 Land-Mammal Hairlessness
  • BMA15 The Greening of Sloths
  • BMA16 Polar-Bear Hairs as Light Pipes
  • BMA17 Sudden Blanching of Mammal Hair
  • BMA18 Mammalian Callosities
  • BMA19 Skin Masks
  • BMA20 Extensive Scarification of the Skin
  • BMA21 Microwave Emission from Mammals
  • BMA22 Bat Faces: Remarkably Varied and Bizarre
  • BMA23 Nictitating Membranes in Mammals
  • BMA24 Eye Oddities among the Mammals
  • BMA25 The Inheritance of Eye Injuries
  • BMA26 Ear, Mouth, and Nose Valves in Mammals
  • BMA27 Displaced Nostrils
  • BMA28 Unexpected Functions of Noses and Nostrils
  • BMA29 Nasal Features with Unknown Functions
  • BMA30 Curious Teeth and Dentitions
  • BMA31 Marching Teeth
  • BMA32 Microbats and Megabats Have Strikingly Different Dentitions
  • BMA33 “Unperfection” in Strap-Toothed Whales
  • BMA34 Questionable Utility of Mammalian Tusks
  • BMA35 Toothlessness in Mammals
  • BMA36 Questionable Utility of Some Horns and Antlers
  • BMA37 Horns Correlated with Toes and Stomachs
  • BMA38 Horn and Antler Curiosities
  • BMA39 Remarkable, Usually Paralleled, Innovations in Mammalian Extremities
  • BMA40 Parallelisms in Mammalian Extremities
  • BMA41 The Existence of Functional Wings on Mammals
  • BMA42 Atavism in Mammalian Extremities
  • BMA43 Parallelisms and Lack Thereof in Prehensile Tails
  • BMA44 Break-Off Tails
  • BMA45 Propulsive Tails
  • BMA46 Mammalian Dorsal Fins
  • BMA47 The Remarkably Long Neck of the Giraffe
  • BMA48 Curious Affinities in the Arrangements of Genitals
  • BMA49 Unusual Pouches on Mammals
  • BMA50 Spurs on Mammals
  • BMA51 Odor Convergence
  • BMA52 Whole-Body Vibrations of Mammals
  • Fetal Elephants Have Aquatic Features
  • Seal Whiskers Detect Water Movements
  • Whale Beaks Are Sound Pipes
  • Koalas Have Human-Like Fingerprints
  • Some Bats Have Adhesive Thumbs

BMB BEHAVIOR

  • BMB1   The Adaptedness of Marsupials
  • BMB2   Mammals Resist Conditioning by Behaviorists
  • BMB3   Mammal Activity Correlated with the Moon
  • BMB4   Anomalous Altruism: Hard to Find
  • BMB5   Mammal Intelligence: Anecdotal Evidence
  • BMB6   Evolutionary Overshoot in Mammalian Intelligence
  • BMB7   Progressive Learning Improvement in Successive Generations of Mammals
  • BMB8   The Transfer of Learning via Brain Extracts
  • BMB9   Behavior Correlated with Lunar Distance at Birth
  • BMB10 Mammalian Art and Music
  • BMB11 Handedness in Mammals
  • BMB12 Curious Forms of Locomotion
  • BMB13 Mammals That Waltz and Weave
  • BMB14 Predator-Prey Mismatches: Dolphins and Toothed Whales
  • BMB15 Curious Lures Used by Mammals
  • BMB16 Novel Escape Tactics
  • BMB17 Feigning Death
  • BMB18 Anomalous Selection of Prey
  • BMB19 The Puzzle of Flavor Aversion
  • BMB20 The Scarcity of Vampirism in Mammals
  • BMB21 The Use of Medicinal Plants by Mammals
  • BMB22 Unrationalized Murder in Mammals
  • BMB23 Aquatic Mammals and Face-to Face Copulation
  • BMB24 Mammals Sexual Cycles Correlated with Lunar Cycle
  • BMB25 Linear Formations of Mammals
  • BMB26 Circular and Ring Formations of Mammals
  • BMB27 Radial Formations or “Kings”
  • BMB28 Nonmigratory Mass Movements of Mammals
  • BMB29 Collective Hunting Techniques
  • BMB30 Unusual Assemblies of Mammals
  • BMB31 The Existence of Eusocial Mammals
  • BMB32 Unusual Aerial Displays
  • BMB33 Mass Strandings of Live Cetaceans
  • BMB34 Live and Mummified Seals Found Far Inland in Antarctica
  • BMB35 Self-Anoiting in Mammals
  • BMB36 Miscellaneous Curiosities of Mammal Behavior
  • Leaf-Wrapping Bats
  • Giraffe Necks Did Not Evolve for Grazing
  • Some Cetaceans Suck in Their Food
  • Chimps Hunt and Eat Other Mammals (Usually Monkeys)
  • Convergence of Sperm-Whale and Elephant Behaviors
  • How Mammals Express Emotions
  • Mole-Rat Dispersive Morph
  • Mouse Intelligence Improved by Gene Insertion

BMC CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PHENOMENA

  • BMC1   Biochemicals That Challenge Evolution
  • BMC2   Possible Lunar Effects on Mammalian Biochemistry
  • BMC3   Some Biochemical Curiosities in Mammals
  • BMC4   The Inability of Some Mammals to Synthesize Ascorbic Acid
  • BMC5   Anomalies Observed in the Cytochromes-Percent-Sequence Difference Matrix
  • BMC6   Miscellaneous Blood and Biochemical Differences among Mammals
  • Urine of Female Dogs Kill Grass But Not Male’s
  • Convergence of Shark and Camel Protein
  • Convergence of Elephant and Insect Pheromone

BMD DISTRIBUTION OF MAMMALS IN SPACE AND TIME

  • BMD1   Remarkable Congregations and Concentrations of Mammals
  • BMD2   Apparent Dearths and Absences of Mammals
  • BMD3   Cycles in Mammal Populations
  • BMD4   Exotic Mammals
  • BMD5   Geographically Separated Populations of Flightless Mammals
  • BMD6   Sharp Zoogeographical Divisions Despite Minimal Barriers to Movement
  • BMD7   Decrease in Biodiversity with Latitude
  • BMD8   Preference for Certain Geological Formations
  • BMD9   Entombed Mammals
  • BMD10 Late Survival of Mammoths and Mastadons
  • BMD11 Current or Very Recent Survival of Giant Ground Sloths
  • BMD12 Current Survival of the Thylacine
  • BMD13 Current or Very Recent Survival of Steller’s Sea Cow
  • BMD14 Miscellaneous Potential Late Survivors
  • ·  Species Richness Correlated with Latitude

BME THE FOSSIL RECORD OF MAMMALS

  • BME1   Scarcity of Transitional Fossils in the Class Mammalia
  • BME2   Persistence of Certain Mammalian Morphological Forms in the Fossil Record
  • BME3   Explosive Radiations in Mammalian Evolution
  • BME4   Unexplained Extinctions of Large Mammals
  • BME5   The Failure of Evolution to Improve Mammal Survivability
  • BME6   Anomalously Early Fossils
  • BME7   Track-Like Markings in Ancient Strata
  • BME8   Mammals with Histories Known Only from Subfossils
  • BME9   Anomalous Distribution of Mammalian Skeletal Material
  • BME10 Parallelisms in the Mammalian Fossil Record
  • BME11 Pleistocene Dwarfing of Some Mammals
  • BME12 Variations in Mammalian Teeth and Skeletons Show a Definite Direction
  • Very Early Australian Placental Mammals
  • Eurasian Apes as Ancestors of the Great Apes (and Humans)
  • Aquatic Sloths
  • Evolution of Cetacean Osmoregulation
  • Evolution of Giraffe Necks
  • Bipedal Apes (before Humans)

BMF BODILY FUNCTIONS

  • BMF1   Water-Breathing in Mammals
  • BMF2   Remarkable Adaptations in Diving Mammals
  • BMF3   Oddities of Digestion
  • BMF4   Perpetual Growth in Mammals
  • BMF5   Limb Generation in Mammals BMF6 Anomalies of Hibernation in Monotremes
  • BMF7   The “Winter Sleep” of Bears
  • BMF8   Freeze-Avoidance in Hibernating Mammals
  • BMF9   Cold-Blooded Mammals (Poikilotherms)
  • BMF10 Transmission to Progeny of Adaptations Induced by Low Temperature
  • BMF11 Inheritance of the Effects of Rotation
  • BMF12 Male Lactation
  • BMF13 Asymmetry in the Function of Mammary Glands
  • BMF14 Pressurized, Sealed Suckling Systems
  • BMF15 The Ability of One Mammal to Control the Sexual Functions of Another
  • BMF16 Correlation of Primate Menstruation with Lunar Phase
  • BMF17 The Delayed-Birth Phenomenon
  • BMF18 Polymorphic Sperm in Mammals
  • BMF19 Pregnancy Rates Correlated with Lunar Phase
  • BMF20 Maternal Impressions in Mammals
  • BMF21 Weeping in Mammals
  • BMF22 Sleeplessness in Mammals
  • BMF23 Curious Types of Sleep
  • BMF24 REM Sleep in Mammals
  • BMF25 Big-Bang Reproduction (Semelparity) in Mammals
  • BMF26 Unusual Deaths of Mammals
  • BMF27 Longevity Increased by Radiation and Hunger
  • Sperm Competition
  • Ear Regeneration

BMG GENETICS

  • BMG1   Discordances between Phylogenies Established from Visible Traits and Biochemistry
  • BMG2   Closely Related Mammals with Different Chromosome Numbers
  • BMG3   Evolution Rates That Are Much Higher Than Predicted from Genetics
  • BMG4   Unexplained Rapid Evolution in Inbred Mice
  • BMG5   Species with Cells Containing “Alien” Mitochondria
  • BMG6   Paternal Mitochondrial DNA can Be Inherited in Mammals
  • BMG7   Functions of “Knocked-Out” Genes Not Completely Lost
  • BMG8   Armadillo “Identical” Quadruplets Are Not
  • Early Deaths of Clones
  • Oliver Is a Chimp
  • DNA in Food Enters Cells of the Eaters
  • Rabbits Surprisingly Closely Related to Primates
  • Guinea Pigs Are Not Rodents
  • Mammals Coexisted with Dinosaurs
  • Epigenetic Inheritance in Mice

BMI INTERNAL SYSTEMS AND STRUCTURES

  • BMI1   Inheritance of Acquired Immunological Tolerance
  • BMI2   Immunity to Rattlesnake Venom
  • BMI3   Tropical Mammals with Thick Subcutaneous Fat
  • BMI4   Curiosities of Mammalian Urogenital Systems
  • BMI5   Reversal of Viscera
  • BMI6   Fundamental Differences between Micro- and Megabat Neural Pathways
  • BMI7   Evolution without Associated Increases in the Complexity of Vertebral Columns
  • BMI8   Magnetite in Mammals
  • Remarkable Dolphin Heat Exchangers
  • Infant Marsupial Mice Breathe through Skin

BMO ORGANS

  • BMO1   High Complexity and Sophistication of the Mammalian Eye
  • BMO2   Blindsight
  • BMO3   Remarkable Adaptations of Mammalian Eyes
  • BMO4   The Purposeful Emission of Sound by Mammalian Ears
  • BMO5   Mammals Apparently Sensitive to Barometric Pressure
  • BMO6   Complexity and Sophistication of Some Microbat Ears
  • BMO7   Innovation and Adaptation in the Auditory Subsystems of Echolocating Cetaceans
  • BMO8   Repeated Development of Electrosensitivity in Mammals
  • BMO9   Parallelisms in the Tongues and Teeth of Specialized Feeders
  • BMO10 Innovations in Sound-Generating Organs
  • BMO11 Absence of REM Sleep in Echidnas
  • BMO12 Repeated Independent Development of a Key Part of the Carnivore Brain
  • BMO13 Microbat Information Processing: Brain Complexity and Sophistication
  • Asymmetry of Mammalian Brains
  • Eyes Contain Circadian Clocks
  • Brains Generate New Neurons
  • Prosimian Trichromatic Vision

BMT UNUSUAL FACULTIES AND TALENTS

  • BMT1   Magnetic Orientation and Navigation in Mammals
  • BMT2   Long-Range Navigation in the Absence of Recognized Cues
  • BMT3   Short-Range Operational Prowess Despite Suppressed Visual and Olfactory Cues
  • BMT4   Mammal Behavior Implying the Existence of Other Unrecognized Senses
  • BMT5   Curious Examples of Soaring and Parachuting Mammals
  • BMT6   Unusual Swimming Capabilities of Terrestrial Mammals
  • BMT7   Remarkable Diving Capabilities of Distantly Related Mammals
  • BMT8   Unusual Vocalizations in Mammals
  • BMT9   Seismic Communication
  • BMT10 Mammals That Imitate Human Words
  • BMT11 Tool Use and Manufacture
  • BMT12 Mammalian Engineering Works
  • Chimps Signal with Vegetable “Notes”
  • Whales’ Detection of Holes in Ice
  • Identification and Consumption of Medicinal Foods
  • Dog Detects Onset of Human Seizures
  • Dog Detects Human Cancers

BMU UNRECOGNIZED MAMMALS

  • BMU1   MacFarlane’s Bear: A Yellow Giant
  • BMU2   The Onza: An Unrecognized North American Cat?
  • BMU3   De Loy’s Ape or Mono Grande
  • BMU4   The Minhocao: A Giant Armadillo?
  • BMU5   The King Cheetah: Evolution in Progress?
  • BMU6   The Spotted Lion or Marozi
  • BMU7   The Mngwa or Nunda
  • BMU8   The Nandi Bear: Bear-Like But Not a Bear
  • BMU9   Bunyips and Waitorekes: Errant Seals, Sea Lions, and/or Otters? (BRU]
  • BMU10 Steller’s Sea Ape
  • BMU11 Unrecognized Marine Mammals Popularly Characterized as “Sea Serpents”
  • BMU12 Cetaceans with Two Dorsal Fins
  • Pygmy Elephants
  • Koolookambas (New Species of Chimpanzee)

BMX MAMMAL INTERFACE PHENOMENA

  • BMX1   Curious Associations of Mammals
  • BMX2   Interesting Interspecies Associations Involving Hunting
  • BMX3   Mammals Aiding Other Species in Distress
  • BMX4   Mammalian Mutualisms of More Than Usual Interest
  • BMX5   Do Predatory Mammals Kill the Unfit?
  • BMX6   Unusual Aggression among Mammals
  • BMX7   Unusual Mammal-Animal Psychological Interfaces
  • Unusual Gut Symbionts
  • Sperm-Whale Encounters with Giant Squid

 StarViewerTeam Internacional 2010.